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Learn about Greenland

28/01/2012 | By | 2 Replies More

Greenland

Greenland is more than just ice

From the endless summer daylight of the midnight sun to shimmering auroras in the winter nights, Greenland is a land of mind-blowing extremes! Famous for its enormous glaciers and icebergs.

Greenland is more than just ice-you’ll also find a unique Inuit culture and Viking heritage along with abundant flora and fauna, charming villages with warm hospitality, and outdoor adventures for all seasons from dog sled safaris to helicopter tours. For an Arctic experience you’ll never forget, look no further than our selection of Greenland tours, showcasing the best that this extreme land has to offer.

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greenland

Polar Bears – Photo: Tracey Dixon July 2002

Greenland has been inhabited, though not continuously, by Arctic peoples via Canada for 4500–5000 years. In the 10th century, Norsemen settled on the uninhabited southern part of Greenland. In the 13th century, the Inuit arrived, and in the late 15th century the Norse colonies were abandoned. In the early 18th century contact between Scandinavia and Greenland was re-established and Denmark established rule over Greenland.

The name Greenland comes from the early Scandinavian settlers. In the Icelandic sagas, it is said that Norwegian-born Erik the Red was exiled from Iceland for murder. He, along with his extended family and thralls, set out in ships to find a land rumored to lie to the northwest. After settling there, he named the land Grønland (“Greenland“), supposedly in the hope that the pleasant name would attract settlers

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Icebergs from Sermeq Kujalleq glacier, Greenland. Photograph: Alamy

Greenland became a Danish colony in 1814 after being under the rule of Denmark-Norway for centuries. With the Constitution of Denmark of 1953, Greenland became a part of the Danish Realm in a relationship known in Danish as Rigsfællesskabet (Commonwealth of the Realm). In 1979 Denmark granted home rule to Greenland, and in 2008 Greenland voted to transfer more power from the Danish royal government to the local Greenlandic government. This became effective the following year, with the Danish royal government in charge of foreign affairs, security (defence-police-justice), and financial policy, and providing a subsidy of DKK 3.4 billion. This subsidy will be gradually diminishing over time as Greenland’s own economy is expected to become stronger due to income from resource extraction.

Tourism in Greenland is largely undeveloped, with most tourist activities arranged on a local level. The country has spectacular scenery, and a few historic sites. The main tourist activities on offer are ice cap treks, wildlife spotting (including whale watching), iceberg watching, and hiking trips to the mainly Norse ruins.

In 2002 Greenland (then “Home Rule Government” now “Self-Rule Government“) established five focus regions for the development of the tourism industry in Greenland. “Destination North Greenland” centered around Disko Bay, “Destination Arctic Circle” centered around Kangerlussuaq, “Destination Capital Region” centered around the capital Nuuk, “Destination South Greenland” centered around Qaqortoq, and “Destination East Greenland” in East Greenland with Tasiilaq as the main hub.

The most popular tourist destination is Ilulissat Ice Fjord, which has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 

Greenland is unique. That’s a fact !

Visit the Official Tourism Site of Greenland if you plan a trip to Greenland (www.greenland.com/en/)

If you like to learn more about Greenland and for those who want a good read and a good guide to fascinating Greenland, I highly recommend this book “Greenland & The Artic” which you can buy below by clicking the link.

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Category: Greenland

Comments (2)

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  1. Jaime Muzacz says:

    You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and very broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  2. Jakob Perlman says:

    Wow, great post.Really thank you! Fantastic.

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